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Trust Deed Investment - Multi-Lender Loans
First Capital Trust Deeds originates loans with trust deed investors a few different ways. Most private money loans are funded by a single trust deed investor for entire loan amount. However, another way to fund trust deed investments is with multi-lender loans, or fractional loans, where two or more investors, or private beneficiaries, fund the loan.
This blog post will cover the three different ways FCTD originates and sells multi-lender loans with trust deed investors, including:
- Originating Multi-Lender Loans (Purchase | Refinance)
- Multiple lenders Buy a Note
- Multiple lenders receiving different yields on the same Note – “First In, First Out”
Originating Multi-Lender Loans (Purchase | Refinance)
When FCTD originates multi-lender loans, either a purchase or refinance transaction, the trust deed investors on the loan are usually friends and family going in on a loan together. It’s common to see the 2-3 beneficiaries of the loan have the same last name, where one person is managing various entities for the family, including Trusts, Self-Directed Retirement Accounts, or a Limited Liability Company for family members.
I also see the same group of two to three friends funding several loans throughout the year.
As the broker of record for FCTD, I review every one of the 500+ loans closed each year, so I know who the private beneficiaries are on multi-lender loans. It’s not uncommon to see a partner in FCTD funding a portion of the loan alongside the private beneficiaries.
On occasion, we will pair investors who do not know each other together on a loan. However, this may only happen 2-3 times per year. When it does happen, we’ll have a 5-10 minute conference call with the investors in the loan to discuss terms and conditions, including an Intercreditor Agreement, Close of Escrow, and Loan Servicing arrangements.
Multiple Lenders Buy a Note
FCTD has recently started selling funded Notes to trust deed investors, either a single note buyer or multiple investors. If you’re an experienced trust deed investor, or have researched trust deed investments online, you’ve probably come upon numerous note buying or note sale websites. I get calls from every so often from a few of these websites asking if we have notes yielding 12-14% that we could sell them.
The notes FCTD have sold have been funded by an FCTD partner to a long-time trust deed investor who wanted to fund the loan at origination but hadn’t received a payoff in time. Thus, the FCTD partner funded the loan to close escrow then sold the loan to the trust deed investor when their funds became available.
FCTD has invested in software that makes selling notes much easier for trust deed investors. I expect that in the years to come, selling notes will become a larger part of our business as it will allow us to close the loan quickly for the borrower then sell the whole loan or fractionalized loan to multiple trust deed investors within a few weeks of close of escrow.
Multiple Lenders Receiving Different Yields on the Same Note – “First In, First Out”
Over the past few years, we’ve experimented with a “First In, First Out” method on a couple of private money loans. “First In, First Out” means that there are two investors on a loan, A & B, with the A investor taking the lowest leverage and receiving a lower yield while the B investor takes the highest leverage position and receives a higher yield.
Investor A, the “First In” investor, gets paid first by the loan servicer on the distribution of monthly payments from the borrower. If the borrower defaults on payment, Investor A can ask Investor B to pay off his portion of the loan, or “First Out” clause.
The thought behind is it that FCTD has numerous trust deed investors with different investment goals and risk appetites.
Investor A likes low leverage and lower yields in the 6.50% to 8.50% range. He wants steady monthly payments and wants to minimize the possibility of future headaches (defaults).
Investor B is comfortable with higher leverage because he wants a 12.00% return on his money. In the event of default, he has significant liquidity to buy out Investor A’s $500,000 portion. He also is comfortable navigating a loan default as he understands the process and works with the attorneys, loan servicer, trustee, and borrower.
With the first in, first out multi-lender loan, there is a conference call with investors prior to funding the loan, discussing the Intercreditor Agreement, Loan Servicing, and Securities Exemption filing. FCTD handles all the paperwork and filings. The investors just need to do their loan due diligence (review title, borrower profile, property, exit strategy, etc).
Multi-Lender Loans – Conclusion
Trust deed investment through multi-lender or fractionalized loans can work well as an investment strategy. For investors who manage family funds, they can allocate funds from various entities into the same private note. Those who want lower risk and lower return, they could be paired with an investor seeking higher yield with a higher risk tolerance.
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